yielded to necessity, and on the third day of Novem-
ber the preliminaries of peace, a peace so momentous for America
, were signed between France
on the one side, and England
on the other.
were ceded, besides islands in the West Indies
, the Floridas
to the Mississippi
, but without the island of New Orleans; all Canada
; Cape Breton and its dependent islands; and the fisheries, except that France
retained a share in them, with the two islets St. Pierre and Miquelon, as a shelter for their fishermen.
For the loss of Florida
France on the same day indemnified Spain
by ceding to that power New Orleans, and all Louisiana
west of the Mississippi
, with boundaries undefined.
, with the command of the slave-trade.
In the East Indies
, according to a modification proposed and insisted upon by Bedford
, only recovered in a dismantled and ruined state the little that she possessed on the first of January, 1749; England
obtained in that region the undoubted sway.
, where Frederic was left to take care of himself, each power received back its own; Minorca, therefore, reverted to Great Britain
,’ said the king, ‘never signed such a peace before, nor, I believe, any other power in Europe
‘The country never,’ said the dying Granville
, ‘saw so glorious a war, or so honorable a peace.’
It maintains, thought Thomas Hollis
, no flatterer of kings, the maritime power, the interests, the security, the tranquillity, and the honor of England