previous next
[191] left alive. Captain Peyronney and all his officers,
chap. VIII.} 1755.
down to a corporal, were killed; of Polson's, whose bravery was honored by the Legislature of the Old Dominion, only one was left. But ‘those they call regulars, having wasted their ammunition, broke and ran, as sheep before hounds, leaving the artillery, provisions, baggage, and even the private papers of the general, a prey to the enemy. The attempt to rally them was as vain as to attempt to stop the wild bears of the mountain.’1 ‘Thus were the English most scandalously beaten.’ Of privates, seven hundred and fourteen were killed or wounded; while of the French and Indians, only three officers and thirty men fell, and but as many more were wounded.

Braddock had five horses disabled under him; at last a bullet entered his right side, and he fell mortally wounded.2 He was with difficulty brought off the field, and borne in the train of the fugitives. All the first day he was silent; but at night he roused himself to say, ‘Who would have thought it’ The meeting at Dunbar's camp made a day of confusion. On the twelfth of July, Dunbar destroyed the remaining artillery, and burned the public stores and the heavy baggage, to the value of a hundred thousand pounds,—pleading in excuse that he had the orders3 of the dying general, and being himself resolved, in midsummer, to evacuate Fort Cumberland, and hurry to Philadelphia for winter-quarters. Accordingly, the next day they all retreated. At night Braddock roused from his lethargy to say, ‘We shall better know how to deal with them another time,’

1 Report of the Court of Inquiry and Washington's Letters.

2 Robert Orme to Gov. Morris, 18 July, 1755.

3 Sir John Sinclair to Sir T. Robinson, 3 Sept. 1755.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide Places (automatically extracted)

View a map of the most frequently mentioned places in this document.

Sort places alphabetically, as they appear on the page, by frequency
Click on a place to search for it in this document.
Cumberland (Maryland, United States) (1)

Download Pleiades ancient places geospacial dataset for this text.

hide People (automatically extracted)
Sort people alphabetically, as they appear on the page, by frequency
Click on a person to search for him/her in this document.
Dunbar (2)
Edward Braddock (2)
John Sinclair (1)
Thomas Robinson (1)
Polson (1)
Peyronney (1)
Robert Orme (1)
R. H. Morris (1)
hide Dates (automatically extracted)
Sort dates alphabetically, as they appear on the page, by frequency
Click on a date to search for it in this document.
September 3rd, 1755 AD (1)
July 18th, 1755 AD (1)
1755 AD (1)
July 12th (1)
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: