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[190] twenty-six were killed,—among them, Sir Peter Hal-
chap. VIII.} 1755.
ket,—and thirty-seven were wounded, including Gage 1755 and other field-officers. Of the men, one half were killed or wounded. Braddock braved every danger. His secretary was shot dead; both his English aids were disabled early in the engagement1 leaving the American alone to distribute his orders. ‘I expected every moment,’ said one whose eye was on Washing ton, ‘to see him fall.’2 ‘Nothing but the superin tending care of Providence could have saved him.’ An Indian chief—I suppose a Shawnee—singled him out with his rifle; and bade others of his warriors do the same. Two horses were killed under him; four balls penetrated his coat. ‘Some potent Manitou guards his life,’ exclaimed the savage.3 ‘Death,’ wrote Washington, ‘was levelling my companions on every side of me; but, by the all-powerful dispensations of Providence, I have been protected.’4 ‘To the public,’ said Davies, a learned divine, in the following month, ‘I point out that heroic youth, Colonel Washington, whom I cannot but hope Providence has preserved in so signal a manner for some important service to his country.’ ‘Who is Mr. Washington?’ asked Lord Halifax a few months later. ‘I know nothing of him’ he added, ‘but that they say he behaved in Braddock's action as bravely as if he really loved the whistling of bullets.’5 The Virginia troops showed great valor, and were nearly all massacred. Of three companies, scarcely thirty men were

1 Washington to his mother, 18 July, 1755.

2 Craik, in Marshall's Life of Washington, II. 19.

3 Same to Mr. Custis, of Arlington.

4 Washington to his brother, 18 July, 1755.

5 Halifax to Sir Charles Hardy 31 March, 1756.

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