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[439] said1 in April, ‘spite of redoubled misfortunes,
chap. XIX.} 1762.
should have confidence in the solidity of their existence. If I were the master, we would stand against England as Spain did against the Moors; and if this course were truly adopted, England would be reduced and destroyed within thirty years.’

But the exhausted condition of France compelled her to seek peace; in February and March, the subject had been opened for discussion through the ministers of Sardinia in London and Versailles; and after passing April in the consideration of plans, early in May Bute was able to submit to Bedford his project. ‘I am glad of the peace as it has been chalked out,’ said Bedford; ‘a much longer continuance of the war, however relieved by the lustre of farther conquests, is likely to prove fatal to the nation;’ and in July he accepted the embassy to France, though the appointment was not declared till the first of September.

“A good peace with foreign enemies,” said Hutchinson, from Massachusetts, as early as March, ‘would enable us to make a better defence against our domestic foes.’. The relations of Ireland and of America to the British king and the British parliament were held to be the same. By Poyning's Act, as it was called, no bill could be accepted in Ireland, until it had been transmitted to England, and returned with the assent of the Privy Council. The principle had already been applied by royal instructions to particular branches of American legislation. The

1 Choiseul's Despatch of 5 April, 1762. Flassan: Histoire de la Diplomatie Francaise, VI. 466

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