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‘ [436] the procurement of peace, not the continuance of
chap. XIX.} 1762.
war.’ ‘This Englishman,’ said Frederic, ‘thinks that money does every thing, and that there is no money but in England.’1 And, deserted by his ally, he was left to tread in solitude the paths of greatness. Little did George the Third dream that he was filling his own cup with bitterness to the brim; that the day was soon to come, when he in his turn would entreat benefits from Frederic, and find them inexorably withheld.

During these negotiations, and before the end of March, news reached Europe of victories in the West Indies, achieved by Monckton with an army of twelve thousand men, assisted by Rodney and a fleet of sixteen sail of the line and thirteen frigates. On the seventh of January, the British armament appeared off Martinico, the richest and best of the French colonies, strongly guarded by natural defences, which art had improved. Yet, on the fourteenth of February, the governor and inhabitants were forced to capitulate. Grenada, St. Lucia, St. Vincent's, were soon after occupied; so that the outer Caribbee Islands, in the whole extent of the arc which bends from St. Domingo towards the continent of South America, were British. For the siege of Havana the continental colonies were ordered to contribute quotas of men, and reinforcements were on their way from England.

These successes gave new courage to the king's friends to pursue their system. Newcastle, who had received ‘all kinds of disgusts’ from his associates in the cabinet, seized the occasion of withholding the subsidy

1 Histoire de la Guerre, &c. in $CEuvres Posthumes, IV. 284.

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