1 New Jersey
, about half that number; Pennsyl-
vania, with Delaware
, eleven thousand; Maryland
, forty-four thousand; the Central Colonies
, collectively, seventy-one thousand.
there were not less than one hundred and sixteen thousand; in North Carolina
, perhaps more than twenty thousand; in South Carolina
, full forty thousand; in Georgia
, about two thousand; so that the country south of the Potomac
, may have had one hundred and seventy-eight thousand.
Of the Southern
—the chosen asylum of misfortune–had been languishing under the guardianship of a corporation, whose benefits had not equalled the benevolence of its designs.
The council of its trustees had granted no legislative rights to those whom they assumed to protect, but, meeting at a London tavern,3
by their own power imposed taxes on its Indian trade.
Industry was disheartened by the entail of freeholds; summer, extending through months not its own, engendered pestilent vapors from the lowlands, as they were opened to the sun; American silk, it is true, was admitted into London
duty-free, but the wants of the wilderness left no leisure to feed the silkworm and reel its thread; nor had the cultivator learned to gather cotton from the down of the cotton plant; the indigent, for whom charity had proposed a refuge, murmured at an exile that had sorrows of its own; the few men of substance withdrew to Carolina
In December, 1751, the trustees unanimously desired to surrender their