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[193] would not convene the Assembly of Maryland, be-
chap. VIII.} 1755.
cause it was ‘fond of imitating the precedents of Pennsylvania.’ And the governors, proprietary as well as royal, reciprocally assured each other that nothing could be done in their colonies without an act of parliament.1

The months that followed were months of sorrow. Happily, the Catawbas at the South remained faithful; and in July, at a council of five hundred Cherokees assembled under a tree in the highlands of Western Carolina, Glen renewed the covenant of peace, obtained a cession of lands, and was invited to erect Fort Prince George near the villages of Conasatchee and Keowee.

At the North, New England was extending British dominion. Massachusetts cheerfully levied about seven thousand nine hundred men, or nearly one-fifth of the able-bodied men in the colony. Of these, a detachment took part in establishing the sovereignty of England in Acadia. That peninsular region—abounding in harbors and in forests; rich in its ocean fisheries and in the product of its rivers; near to a continent that invited to the chase and the fur-trade; having, in its interior, large tracts of alluvial soil—had become dear to its inhabitants, who beheld around them the graves of their ancestors for several generations. It was the oldest French colony in North America. There the Bretons had built their dwellings sixteen years before the Pilgrims reached the shores of New England. With the progress of the respective settlements, sectional jealousies and religious

1 Correspondence of Morris and Sharpe. Lt. Gov. Sharpe to Shirley, 24 August, 1755.

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