ground his despotism in an appearance of law, Cum-
berland had caused the English Mutiny Bill
to be revised, and its rigor doubled.
On a sudden, at a most unusual period in the session, Fox
showed Lord Egmont a clause for extending the Mutiny Bill
, and subjecting the colonial militia, when in actual service, to its terrible severity.1
Egmont interceded to protect America
from this new grievance of military law; but Charles Townshend
defended the measure, and, turning to Lord Egmont, exclaimed, ‘Take the poor American
by the hand and point out his grievances.
I defy you, I beseech you, to point out one grievance.
I know not of one.’
He pronounced a panegyric on the Board of Trade, and defended all their acts, in particular the instructions to Sir Danvers Osborne
The petition of the agent of Massachusetts
was not allowed to be brought up. That to the House of Lords no one would offer;2
and the bill, with the clause for America
, was hurried through parliament.
It is confidently stated, by the agent of Massachusetts
, that a noble lord had then a bill in his pocket, ready to be brought in, to ascertain and regulate the colonial quotas.3
was persuaded of ‘the perverseness of the assemblies,’4
and inquiries were instituted relating to the easiest method of taxation by parliament.
But, for the moment, the prerogative was employed; Braddock
was ordered to exact a common revenue; and all the governors received