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[29] at Lancaster, solemnizing a treaty of commerce with
chap II.} 1748. July.
Pennsylvania.1 Returning peace was hailed as the happy moment for bringing the Miamis and their neighbors within the covenant chain of the English, and thus, as Europeans reasoned, extending British jurisdiction through Western New York to the Wabash.

The lighted calumet had been passed from mouth to mouth; the graves of the tawny heroes, slain in war, had been so covered with expiating presents, that their vengeful spirits were appeased; the wampum belts of confirmed love had been exchanged; when the commissioners of Massachusetts, acting in harmony with Clinton and Shirley, and adopting their opinions and almost their language, represented to them in a memorial, that as Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and New-York were the barrier of America against the French, the charge of defending their frontiers ought as little to rest on those provinces, as the charge of defending any counties in Great Britain on such counties alone; that the other governments had been invited to join in concerting measures, but all, excepting Connecticut, had declined; they therefore urged an earnest application to the king so far to interpose, as that, whilst the French were in Canada, the remoter colonies which were not immediately exposed, might be obliged to contribute in a just proportion towards the expense of protecting the inland territories of New England and New York.2 ‘We,’

subjoined Clinton and Shirley, as they forwarded the

1 Narrative of George Croghan, Ms. Causes of the alienation of the Delaware and Shawanese Indians. 56, 126.

2 Memorial of Oliver, Hutchinson and Choate, through Clinton and Shirley.

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