grievous tyranny and oppression.
People who have
property in a country, which they may lose, and privileges which they may endanger, are generally disposed to be quiet, and even to bear much, rather than hazard all. While the government is mild and just, while important civil and religious rights are secure, such subjects will be dutiful and obedient.
The waves do not rise, but when the winds blow.
offered the great advice which sprung from his love of English freedom and his truly American heart.
Appealing also to the men of letters, he communed with David Hume
on the jealousy of trade; and shared the more agreeable system of economy that promised to the world freedom of commerce, a brotherhood of the nations, and mutual benefits from mutual prosperity.
He rejoiced that the great master of English historic style,—who by his natural character and deliberate opinion was at heart a republican,1
—loved to promote by his writings that common good of mankind, which the American
, inventing a new form of expression, called “the interest of humanity;” Franklin to Hume, 27 Sept, 1760.
Writings, VIII. 210.
and he summoned before the mind of the Scottish philosopher that audience of innumerable millions which a century or two would prepare in America
for all who should use English well.
cheerfully and proudly accepted the counsels which his magnanimity inspired.
Promising herself wealth from colonial trade, she was also occupied by the thought of filling the wilderness, instructing it with the products of her intelligence, and blessing it with free institutions.