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[48] him to attempt confining the English within
chap. II.} 1749.
the peninsula of Acadia.1

Thus, while France, with the unity of a despotic central power, was employing all its strength in Canada to make good its claims to an extended frontier, Halifax signalized his coming into office by planting Protestant emigrants in Nova Scotia, as a barrier against encroachments on the North East, and by granting lands for a Virginia colony on both banks of the Ohio, in order to take possession of the valley of the Mississippi. With still greater impetuosity he rushed precipitately towards an arbitrary solution of all the accumulated difficulties in the administration of the colonies.

Long experience having proved that American assemblies insisted on the right of deliberating freely on all subjects respecting which it was competent for them to legislate, the Board of Trade, so soon as Halifax had become its head, revived and earnestly promoted the scheme of strengthening the authority of the prerogative by a general act of the British parliament. At its instance, on the third day of March,2 1749, under the pretext of suppressing the flagrant evils of colonial paper-money, the disappointed Horatio Walpole, who, for nearly thirty years,3 had

1 La Jonquiere to Cornwallis, 25 October, 1749. Cornwallis to La Jonquiere, 1 November, 1749. John H. Lydius to Cornwallis, 1 December, 1749. Abbe Maillard to Gerard Beaubassin, 3 May, 1749.

2 Commons' Journals, XXV. 246.

3 ‘I have been near thirty years in the Council of this Province, * * and, in all that time, I do not remember that any public money was drawn by any governor from the Treasury and applied to any other use than what it was designed for by the Assembly that granted it, except for a perquisite which the King's Auditor of his revenue claimed; and you know, sir, what influence the governors were under at that time to make them do this.’ Horatio Walpole, the Auditor, was brother to Sir Robert Walpole. Ms. Letter to Governor Shirley from New York, July 1749.

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