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[192] and died.1 His grave may still be seen, near the na-
chap. VIII.} 1755.
tional road, about a mile west of Fort Necessity.

The forest field of battle was left thickly strewn with the wounded and the dead. Never had there been such a harvest of scalps and spoils. As evening approached, the woods round Fort Duquesne rung with the halloos of the red men; the constant firing of small arms, mingled with a peal from the cannon at the fort. The next day the British artillery was brought in, and the Indian warriors, painting their skin a shining vermilion, with patches of black, and brown, and blue, gloried in the laced hats and bright apparel of the English officers.2

At Philadelphia nothing but victory had been anticipated. ‘All looks well,’ wrote Morris; ‘the force of Canada has vanished away in an instant;’ and of a sudden the news of Braddock's defeat, and the shameful evacuation of Fort Cumberland by Dunbar, threw the people of the central provinces into the greatest consternation.3 The Assembly of Pennsylvania immediately resolved to grant fifty thousand pounds to the king's use, in part by a tax on all estates, real and personal, within the province. Morris, obeying his instructions from the proprietaries, claimed exemption for their estates. The Assembly rejected the demand with disdain; for the annual income of the proprietaries from quitrents, groundrents, rents of manors, and other appropriated and settled lands, was nearly thirty thousand pounds.4 Sharpe

1 Orme in Franklin's Autobiography.

2 Personal Narrative of Colonel James Smith, in J. Pritt's Mirror of Olden Time Border Life. 385.

3 Lt. Gov. Dinwiddie to Lords of Trade, 6 Sept. 1755. H. Sharpe to C. Calvert, July, 1755.

4 True and Impartial State of Pennsylvania, 125.

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