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[363] who foresaw that the acquisition of Canada was the
chap. XVI.} 1760.
prelude of American independence.

England began hostilities for Nova Scotia and the Ohio. These she had gained, and had added Canada and Guadaloupe. ‘I will snatch at the first moment of peace,’ said Pitt. ‘The desire of my heart,’ said George the Second to parliament, ‘is to see a stop put to the effusion of blood;’ and the public mind was discussing how far the conquests should be retained. So great a subject of consideration had never before presented itself to British statesmen.

‘We have had bloodshed enough,’ urged Pulteney, Earl of Bath, who, when in the House of Commons, had been cherished in America as the friend of its liberties, and who now in his old age pleaded for the termination of a truly national war by a solid and reasonable peace. ‘Our North American conquests,’ said he to Pitt and Newcastle, and to the world, ‘cannot be retaken. Give up none of them; or you lay the foundation of another war.’ ‘Unless we would choose to be obliged to keep great bodies of troops in America, in full peace, we can never leave the French any footing in Canada.’ ‘Not Senegal and Goree, nor even Guadaloupe, ought to be insisted upon as a condition of peace, provided Canada be left to us.’ Such seemed ‘the infinite consequence of North America,’ which, by its increasing inhabitants, would consume British manufactures; by its trade, employ innumerable British ships; by its provisions, support the sugar islands; by its products, fit out the whole navy of England.

Peace, too, was to be desired in behalf of England's ally, the only Protestant sovereign in Germany

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