Englishmen in this respect;’ and he himself was treated
with such indignity for accepting the office on other terms, that it was thought to have shortened his life.1
But the idea of equality in political rights between England
and the colonies could not be comprehended by the English
officials of that day; and in November, about a month after Pitt
's retirement, the Board of Trade reported to the king against the tenure of good behavior, as ‘a pernicious proposition,’ ‘subversive of all true policy,’ ‘and tending to lessen the just dependence of the colonies upon the government of the mother country.’2
The representation found favor with George; and, as the first fruits of the new system, on the ninth of December the instruction went forth through Egremont
to all colonial governors, to grant no judicial commissions but during pleasure.
To make the, tenure of the judicial office the king's will was to make the bench of judges the instruments of the prerogative, and to subject the administration of justice throughout all America
to the influence of an arbitrary and irresponsible power.
The Assembly of New York rose up against the encroachment, deeming it a deliberate step towards despotic authority; the standing instruction they resolved should be changed, or they, on their part, would grant no salary whatever to the judges.
‘Things are come to a crisis,’ wrote Pratt
January, 1762, guided by his interest, and chiefly intent on securing a good salary.
‘If I cannot be supported with a competent salary, the office must be abandoned, and his Majesty's prerogative must suffer.’