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immunem . . . Arcton, ‘the beare that never dives in sea,’ Golding. Cf. 727 and Fast.IV. 575, “liquidique immunia ponti alloquitur gelido proxima signa polo”, Il.XVIII. 489, “οἴη δ᾽ ἄμμορός ἐστι λοετρῶν Ὠκεανοῖο”. So in Trist. I. ii. 27, it is called sicca. This was found a painful privilege when Phaethon set the world on fire (ii. 171), “tum primum radiis gelidi caluere Triones et vetito frustra tentarunt aequore tingui”. The other circumpolar constellations which do not set in the latitude of Greece, including the Little Bear, were not named in Homeric times, but Ovid, though the singular is often thus used, also uses the plural, and specially refers to the discovery of the lesser Bear, and to its use by the Phoenicians in navigation, Fast.III. 107.
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