previous next

The deme Eleusis honours the
IG II2 1193 Eleusis, Archaeological Museum 5115 last q. 4th c. Plate 80

Two joining fragments of complete stele: upper fragment found in Eleusis in 1883 excavations of Greek Archaeological Society; lower fragment found in Eleusis in 1888. Relief bordered above by plain taenia and moulding, together 0.045 high. Back rough-picked. Surface somewhat worn, corroded, with iron stains. White, medium-grained marble. p.h. 0.95, h. of relief 0.26, w. 0.305 (top), 0.315 (bottom), th. 0.065, relief h. 0.015, h. of letters 0.005.

The decree, set up by the deme of Eleusis, honours Smikythion for his services to the deme as peripolarchos or patrol commander and awards him a gold crown. The demarch is charged with the responsibility of having the decree inscribed and set up in an appropriate location (lines 27-31). Smikythion is shown as a small bearded figure standing on the far right, his right hand raised in adoration; his left hand holds the end of his himation. He looks toward the much larger figures of Demeter and Kore on the left. Demeter, facing left, sits on a kiste. She wears a chiton and himation. Her right hand holds the extended left hand of Kore, standing before her on the left, or perhaps they held a painted crown between them. Kore is a nearly frontal figure holding a torch in her right hand. She wears a chiton and over it a himation completely covering her body and knotted under her left arm. Demeter and Kore resemble the figures on a decree of Eleusis honouring Derkylos of Hagnous (no. 127), on votive reliefs, and on Panathenaic amphorae, all apparently dating from the second half of the fourth century. No. 34, an Athenian decree from Eleusis, also depicts Demeter seated on a kiste. The positions of the figures relative to each other vary, but the figure types are similar and perhaps derived from an Eleusinian cult group, as Kern and Jucker have suggested. The very high-waisted proportions of the figures and the generalized treatment of their heavy drapery call for a date in the last quarter of the fourth century (cf. nos. 45, 150, 153).

D. Philios, ArchEph (1883) 133-36 no. 11 (39); ArchEph (1888) 21-24 no. 39; P. Foucart, BCH 13 (1889) 265; Philios, ArchEph (1890) 82 n. 1; O. Kern, AM 17 (1892) 131, fig. 7 (drwg.); IG II.5 574 g; SIG I3 356; P. Mingazzini, NSc (1927) 312 b; SEG 3.119; Kirchner, 21 no. 69, pl. 31; E. Bielefeld, Wissentschaftliche Zeitschrift der Universität Greifswald I (1951/52) 8 no. 26; F. Mitchel, Hesperia 33 (1964) 343, pl. 65b; H. Metzger, Recherches sur l'imagerie athénienne (1965) 35 no. 11; SEG 22.119; A. Peschlow-Bindokat, JdI 87 (1972) 118, 152 R46; K. Kanta, Eleusis: Myth, Mysteries, History, Museum (1979) 106 no. 5115; Palagia, Euphranor, 30; I. Jucker, AA 95 (1980) 462-63, figs. 22-24; SEG 30.92; LIMC IV, 868 no. 279, pl. 580, s.v. Demeter (L. Beschi); Meyer, 298 A 117, pl. 38.1.

hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: