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Chapter 38:

The King and the British Parliament against the Town of Boston.—Hillsborough's Administration of the Colo-Nies continued.

October—December, 1768.

Spain valued Louisiana as a screen for Mexico;
Chap. XXXVIII.} 1768. Oct.
and England, in her turn, held the valley of the Mississippi from jealousy of France, not to colonize it. To the great joy of Spain,1 and in conformity to a policy,2 against which the advice3 of Shelburne could not prevail, every idea of settling the country was opposed; and every post between Mobile and Fort Chartres was abandoned; John Finley, a backwoodsman of North Carolina, who this year passed through Kentucky,4 found not one white man's cabin in all the enchanting wilderness. Gage would have even given up Fort Chartres, and as a consequence the intermediate Pittsburg.5

It was Hillsborough's purpose to prevent colonization,6

1 D'Ossun, French Ambassador at Madrid, to Choiseul, 6 Dec. 1768.

2 Compare the elaborate Narrative of Lord Barrington, Secretary of War, of May, 1766.

3 Shelburne to Gage, 14 Nov, 1767.

4 James T. Morehead's Address, &c. &c. 15, 16.

5 Gage to Hillsborough, 16 June, 1768.

6 Representation

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