were threatening to wear away.1
Chap. XXXVIII} 1768. Oct.
rough's great alarm,2
the adult men had been formed into military companies.3 Vincennes
, the only settlement in Indiana
, claimed to be within a year as old as Detroit
and had rapidly and surprisingly increased.5
Its own population, consisting of two hundred and thirty-two white persons, ten negro and seventeen Indian slaves, was recruited by one hundred and sixty-eight ‘strangers.’6 Detroit
had now about six hundred souls.7
All the western villages abounded in wheat, Indian corn, and swine; of beeves there was more than one to each human being; and more than one horse to every two, counting slaves and children.
The course of the rivers inclined the French
inhabitants of the West
, in disregard of the British Navigation Acts
, to send their furs to New Orleans;8
or across the river by night to St. Louis
where they could be exchanged for French goods.
All English merchandise came burdened with the cost of land carriage from Philadelphia
to Fort Pitt
The British Navigation Acts spread their baleful influence over the western Prairies.
In November, Wilkins
, the new Commandant in Illinois
, following suggestions from Gage
, appointed seven civil Judges
to decide local controversies;10