and his friends1
insisted on declaring
meetings and associations like those of Boston
illegal and punishable; and advised some immediate chastisement.
‘I wish,’ said he, ‘every American in the world could hear me. I gave the Americans
bounties on their whale fishery, thinking they would obey the Acts of Parliament;’ and he now spoke for a prohibition of their fisheries.2
Some of the Ministry went far beyond him, and were ready to proceed against Massachusetts
with immediate and extreme severity.3
was mentioned, nothing could be heard but the bitterest invectives of its enemies.
That it must submit, no one questioned.
While Hillsborough was writing4
encomiums on Bernard
, praising his own ‘justice and lenity,’ and lauding the King
as the tender and affectionate father of all his subjects, the superior discernment of Choiseul
was aware of the importance of the rising controversy; and that he might unbosom his thoughts with freedom, he appointed to the place of ambassador in England
his own most confidential friend, the Count du Chatelet
son of the celebrated woman with whom Voltaire
had been intimately connected.
The new diplomatist was a person of quick perceptions, daring courage as a statesman, and perfect knowledge of the world; and he was, also, deeply imbued with the liberal principles of the French
philosophy of his age.