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[419] resolved, that a Governor who like Hutchinson was
Chap. XLVII.} 1772. July.
not dependent on the people for support, was not such a Governor as the people had consented to, at the granting of the Charter; the House most solemnly protested ‘that the innovation was an im portant change of the Constitution, and exposed the Province to a despotic administration of Government.’ The inference was unavoidable. If the principle contained in the Preamble to Townshend's Revenue Act should be carried out, obedience would no longer be due to the Governor, and the rightful dependence on England would be at an end.

Deceived by the want of organized union among the Colonies, Hutchinson sent word to Hillsborough, that ‘if the nation would arouse and unite in measures to retain the Colonies in subordination, all this new doctrine of independence would be disavowed, and its first inventors be sacrificed to the rage of the people whom they had deluded.’1 The Secretary, on his

part, was proceeding with eager haste to carry Townshend's system into effect; and on the seventh of August, he announced, that the King, with the ‘entire concurrence of Lord North,2 had made provision for the support of his law servants in the Province of Massachusetts Bay.’3 It was almost a special provision for Hutchinson's family. It marks the character of the people, that this act, constituting judges, who held their offices at the King's pleasure,

1 Hutchinson to Secretary John Pownall, 21 July, 1772; in Remembrancer, 1776, II. 57.

2 Compare Hillsborough to Hutchinson, 6 June, 1772.

3 Hillsborough to Lords of Trade, 27 July, 1772, and to Hutchinson, 7 August, 1772.

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