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‘ [418] be the only effectual preventive of any further at-
Chap. XLVII.} 1772. June.
tempt,’ wrote Hutchinson, who wished to see a beginnin of taking men prisoners, and carrying them directly to England.1 There now existed a statute authorizing such a procedure. Two months before, the King had assented to an Act for the better securing Dock-yards, ships and stores, which extended to the Colonies, made death the penalty for destroying even the oar of a cutter's boat, or the head of an empty cask belonging to the fleet, and subjected the accused to a trial in any county in Great Britain.

Of this statute, which violated every safeguard of

justice and might be still more mischievous as a precedent, the Assembly of Massachusetts at that time took no notice, confining its attention to the gradual change in the Constitution of the Colony, effected by the payment of the King's civil officers through warrants under his sign manual, drawn on a perennial fund raised by an Act of Parliament. They regarded the Charter as ‘a most solemn compact,’ which bound them to Great Britain. By that Charter they held, they were to have a Governor and Judges, over whom the power of the King was protected by the right of nomination, the power of the Colony by the exclusive right of providing support. These views were embodied2 by Hawley in a Report to the Assembly,3 and on the tenth of July, adopted by a vote of eighty-five to nineteen. It followed, and was so

1 T. Hutchinson to Capt. Gambier, Boston, 30 June, 1772; in Hutchinson's Papers, III. 354, 355; and Remembrancer for 1776, II. 56.

2 Hutchinson's History, III. 358.

3 Report and Resolutions of 10 July, 1772; in Bradford, 325

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