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[411] trusting to the honor of the Crown, they voted perpe-
Chap. XLVII.} 1772. Jan.
tual grants of salaries. When this was done, Rawlins Lowndes and others, their own judges, taken from among themselves, were dismissed; and an Irishman, a Scotchman, and a Welshman were sent over by Hillsborough to take their places.1 ‘We, none of us,’ said the planters, ‘can expect the honors of the State; they are all given away to worthless, poor sycophants.’2 The Governor, Lord Charles Greville Montagu, had no Palace at Charleston; he uttered a threat to convene the South Carolina Assembly at Port Royal, unless they would vote him a house to his mind.3 This is the culminating point of administrative insolence.

The system of concentrating all colonial power in

England was resisted also at the West.4 In Illinois the corruption and favoritism of the military commander compelled the people to a remonstrance. The removal of them all to places within the limits of some established Colony, was the mode of pacification which Hillsborough deliberately approved. The Spanish jurisdiction across the river offered so near a sanctuary, that such a policy was impracticable. An establishment by the Crown upon the lowest plan of expense, and without any intermixture of popular power, was thought of. ‘A regular constitutional Government for them,’ said Gage, ‘cannot be suggested. ’

1 Compare List of Judges in South Carolina Statutes at large, i. 439; Ramsey, i. 214, II. 126.

2 Compare Quincy's Quincy, 106, 107, 116.

3 Montagu to Hillsborough, 26 September, 1771; Hillsborough to Montagu, 4 December, 1771. Same to Same, 11 January, 1772; Montagu to Hillsborough, 27 July, 1772.

4 Gage to Hillsborough, 4 March, 1772. Compare Gage to Hillsborough, 6 August, 1771; Hillsborough to Gage, 4 Dec. 1771, and 18 April, 1772.

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