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On the thirtieth of March,—two days after news had

Chap XXIX.} 1767. March
arrived, that in one of their messages the Representatives of Massachusetts had given a formal defiance to Parliament, as well as encouraged the resistance of their sister Colony, New-York, to the Billeting Act,—the American papers which Bedford had demanded were taken into consideration by the House of Lords. Camden opened the discussion by declaring New-York to be in a state of delinquency;1 and receding from his old opinions, he justified his change.2 Grafton said well, that ‘the present question was too serious for faction,’ and promised that the Ministers would themselves bring forward a suitable measure. But the Lords wearied themselves all that day and all the next, in scolding at the Colonies with indiscriminate bitterness. They were called, ‘undutiful, ungracious and unthankful;’ and ‘rebels,’ ‘traitors,’ were epithets liberally bestowed. Some wished to make of New-York an example that might terrify all the others; it was more generally proposed by Act of Parliament to remodel the government of them all.3 America had not yet finished the statues which it was raising to Chatham; and Mauduit artfully sent
over word, that the plan for reducing America would be sanctioned by his name.4

On the tenth of April, Massachusetts was selected for censure; and Bedford,5—notwithstanding the sudden

1 Israel Mauduit to Hutchinson, 11 April, 1767.

2 Walpole's Memoirs, II. 448.

3 W. S. Johnson's Journal for 30 and 31 March; W. S. Johnson to Col. Walker, 31 March, 1767; W. S. Johnson to A. Tomlinson, 31 March, 1767; W. S. Johnson to E. Dyer, 10 April, 1767.

4 De Guerchy to Choiseul, 17 March, 1767; Bristol to Chatham, 23 March, 1767, to be taken in connection with Israel Mauduit's Letter to Hutchinson of 11 April, 1767.

5 Bedford's Journal for 10 April, 1767.

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