expostulate against the act as a breach of commercial
amity; the parliament studied the interests of England
, and would not repeal laws to please a neighbor.1
A naval war soon followed, which Cromwell
ly desired, and Holland
as earnestly endeavored to avoid.
The spirit of each people was kindled with the highest national enthusiasm; the commerce of the world was the prize contended for; the ocean was the scene of the conflict; and the annals of recorded time had never known so many great naval actions in such quick succession.
This was the war in which Blake
, and Ayscue
, and De Ruyter
, gained their glory; and Tromp
fixed a broom to his mast in bravado, as if to sweep the English
flag from the seas.
was not disposed to trammel the industry of Virginia
, and Maryland
, and New England
His ambition aspired to make England
the commercial emporium of the world.
His plans extended to the possession of the harbors in the Spanish Netherlands
was obliged to pledge her aid to conquer, and her consent to yield Dunkirk
, Mardyke and Gravelines; and Dunkirk
, in the summer of 1658, was given up to his ambassador by the French
king in person.
Nor was this all: he desired the chief harbors in the North Sea
, and the Baltic
; and an alliance with Sweden
, made not simply from a zeal for Protestantism, was to secure him Bremen
, and Elsmore
and Dantzig, as his reward.2
In the West Indies
, his commanders planned the capture of Jamaica
succeeded; and the attempt at the reduction of Hispaniola
, then the chief possession of Spain