of the Mississippi valley
and Vasquez de Ayllon
, Porcallo and Soto
, with private adventurers.
whose names and whose crimes may be left unrecorded, transported the natives of North America
into slavery in Europe
and the Spanish West Indies
The glory of Columbus
himself did not escape the stain; enslaving five hundred native Americans
, he sent them
, that they might be publicly sold at Seville
The generous Isabella
commanded the liberation of
the Indians held in bondage in her European
Yet her active benevolence extended neither to the Moors, whose valor had been punished by slavery, nor to the Africans; and even her compassion for the New World was but the transient feeling, which relieves the miserable who are in sight, not the deliberate application of a just principle.
For the commissions for making discoveries, issued a few days
before and after her interference to rescue those whom Columbus
had enslaved, reserved for herself and Ferdinand a fourth par3
of the slaves which the new kingdoms might contain.
The slavery of Indians was
recognized as lawful.4
The practice of selling the natives of North America
into foreign bondage continued for nearly two centuries; and even the sternest morality pronounced the sentence of slavery and exile on the captives whom the field of battle had spared.
The excellent Winthrop
enumerates Indians among his bequests.5
The articles of the early New England
confederacy class persons among the spoils of war. A scanty remnant of the