perhaps not far from Isletta;1
and in five
days more, he reached Cicuye, on the river Pecos
But he found there nothing of note, except an Indian who told of Quivira, a country to the north-east, the real land of the buffalo, abounding in gold
, and watered by tributaries of a river which was two leagues wide.
The Spanish camp for the winter was established near Tiguex; there Alvarado
brought the Indian
who professed to know the way to Quivira; there Coronado
himself appeared, after a tour among eight more southern villages; and there his army, which had reached Zuni
without loss, arrived in December, suffering on its march from storms of snow and cold.
The people who had thus far been discovered, had a civilization intermediate between that of the Mexicans and the tribes of hunters.
They dwelt in fixed places of abode, built for security against roving hordes of savages, on tables of land that spread out upon steep natural castles of sandstone.
Each house was large enough to contain three or four hundred persons, and consisted of one compact parallelogram, raised of mud, hardened in the sun, or of stones, cemented by a mixture of ashes, earth and charcoal for lime; usually three or four stories high, with terraces, inner balconies and a court, having no entrance on the ground floor; accessible from without only by ladders, which in case of alarm might be drawn inside.
All were equal.
There was no king or chief exercising supreme authority; no caste of