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[111] of physical decay, and whose English heart, within a
Chap. III.}
palsied frame, still beat with an undying love for his country?

The judgments of the tribunals of the Old World are often reversed by public opinion in the New. The family of the chief author of early colonization in the United States was reduced to beggary by the government of England, and he himself was beheaded. After a lapse of nearly two centuries, the state of North

Carolina, by a solemn act of legislation, revived in its capital ‘the city of Raleigh;’ thus expressing its
Laws of N. Carolina, for 1792, c. XIV
grateful respect for the memory of the extraordinary man, who united in himself as many kinds of glory as were ever combined in an individual.

The enthusiasm of Raleigh pervaded his countrymen. Imagination already saw beyond the Atlantic a people whose mother idiom should be the language of England. ‘Who knows,’ exclaimed Daniel, the poet laureate of that kingdom—

“Who in time knows whither we may vent
The treasures of our tongue? To what strange shores
This gain of our best glory shall be sent

Daniel, in Muso philus.

Ta enrich unknowing nations with our stores?
What worlds, in th' yet unformed Occident,
May 'come refined with th' accents that are ours?”

Already the fishing of Newfoundland was vaunted

as the stay of the west countries. Some traffic may
D'Ewes Journal, 509.
nave continued with Virginia. Thus were men trained for the career of discovery; and in 1602, Bartholomew Gosnold, who, perhaps, had already sailed to Virginia, with the usual route, by the Canaries and West Indies, conceiving the idea of a direct voyage to America, with the concurrence of Raleigh, had well nigh secured to New England the honor of the first permanent English colony. Steering, in a small bark, directly
602 Mar.
across the Atlantic, in seven weeks he reached the

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