of the climate.1
But the Plymouth company was
dissatisfied with their pusillanimity; Gorges
esteemed it a weakness to be frightened at a blast.
The idea of a settlement in these northern latitudes was no longer terrific.
The American fisheries also constituted a prosperous and well-established business.
Three years had elapsed since the French
had been settled in their huts at Port Royal
; and the ships which carried the English
from the Kennebec
were on the ocean at the same time with the little squadron of the French
, who succeeded in building Quebec
, the very summer in which Maine
The fisheries and the fur-trade were not relinquished; vessels were annually employed in traffic with the Indians; and once,2
at least, perhaps oftener, a part of a ship's company remained during a winter on the American
But new hopes were awakened,
,—who had already obtained distinction in Virginia
, and who had, with rare sagacity, discovered, and, with unceasing firmness, asserted, that colonization was the true policy of England
,—with two ships, set sail for the coast north of the lands granted by the Virginia
The expedition was a private3
adventure of ‘four merchants of London
and himself,’ and was very successful.
The freights were profitable; the health of the mariners did not suffer; and the whole voyage was accomplished in less than seven months. While the sailors were busy with their hooks and lines, Smith
examined the shores from the Penobscot
to Cape Cod
, prepared a map of the coast,4