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But the monopolists endeavored to establish their

Chap. IX.} 1623. June.
claims. One Francis West was despatched with a commission as admiral of New England, for the purpose of excluding from the American seas such fishermen as came without a license. But his feeble authority was derided; the ocean was a wide place over which to keep sentry. The mariners refused to pay the tax which he imposed; and his ineffectual authority was soon resigned. In England, the at tempt occasioned the severest remonstrances, which did not fail to make an impression on the ensuing

The patentees, alike prodigal of charters and tenacious of their monopoly, having given to Robert

1622 Dec. 13.
Gorges, the son of Sir Ferdinand, a patent for a tract extending ten miles on Massachusetts Bay, and thirty miles into the interior, now appointed him lieutenant-
general of New England, with power ‘to restrain interlopers,’ not less than to regulate the affairs of the corporation. His patent was never permanently used; though the colony at Weymouth was renewed, to meet once more with ill fortune. He was attended by Morrell, an Episcopal clergyman, who was provided with a commission for the superintendence of ecclesiastical affairs. Instead of establishing a hierarchy, Morrell, remaining in New England about a year, wrote a description of the country in verse; while the civil dignity of Robert Gorges ended in a short-lived dispute with Weston. They came to plant a hierarchy and a general government, and they produced only a fruitless quarrel and a dull poem.

But when parliament was again convened, the con-

troversy against the charter was once more renewed, and the rights of liberty found an inflexible champion

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