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[598b] “Consider, then, this very point. To which is painting directed in every case, to the imitation of reality as it is1 or of appearance as it appears? Is it an imitation of a phantasm or of the truth?” “Of a phantasm,2” he said. “Then the mimetic art is far removed3 from truth, and this, it seems, is the reason why it can produce everything, because it touches or lays hold of only a small part of the object and that a phantom4; as, for example, a painter, we say, will paint us a cobbler, a carpenter, and other craftsmen,

1 Cf. Soph. 263 B, Cratyl. 385 B, Euthydem. 284 C.

2 Cf. 599 A, Soph. 232 A, 234 E, 236 B, Prot. 356 D.

3 Cf. 581 E.

4 For εἴδωλον cf. p. 197, note e.

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