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[578a] be rich or poor?” “Poor.” “Then the tyrant soul also must of necessity always be needy1 and suffer from unfulfilled desire.” “So it is,” he said. “And again, must not such a city, as well as such a man, be full of terrors and alarms?” “It must indeed.” “And do you think you will find more lamentations and groans and wailing and anguish in any other city?” “By no means.” “And so of man, do you think these things will more abound in any other than in this tyrant type, that is maddened by its desires and passions?” “How could it be so?” he said. “In view of all these

1 Cf. Laws 832 Aπεινῶσι τὴν ψυχήν, Xen.Symp. 4. 36πεινῶσι χρημάτων, Oecon. xiii. 9πεινῶσι γὰρ τοῦ ἐπαίνου, Aristot.Pol. 1277 a 24 “Jason said he was hungry when he was not a tyrant,” Shakes.TempestI. ii. 112 “so dry he was for sway.” Cf. Novotny, p. 1902, on Epist. vii. 335 B, also Max. Tyr.Diss. iv. 4τί γὰρ ἂν εἴη πενέστερον ἀνδρὸς ἐπιθυμοῦντος διηνεκῶς . . . ; Julian, Or. ii. 85 B, Teles (Hense), pp. 32-33. for the thought see also Gorg. 493-494. cf. also 521 A with 416 E, Phaedr. 279 C, and Epist. 355 C.

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