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“Shall we set down astronomy as a third, or do you dissent?” “I certainly agree,” he said; “for quickness of perception about the seasons and the courses of the months and the years is serviceable,1 not only to agriculture and navigation, but still more to the military art.” “I am amused,2” said I, “at your apparent fear lest the multitude3 may suppose you to be recommending useless studies.4 It is indeed no trifling task, but very difficult to realize that there is in every soul an organ or instrument of knowledge that is purified5 and kindled afresh

1 Xen.Mem. iv. 7. 3 ff. attributes to Socrates a similar utilitarian view of science.

2 For ἡδὺς εἶ cf. 337 D, Euthydem. 300 A, Gorg. 491 Eἥδιστε, Rep. 348 Cγλυκὺς εἶ, Hipp. Maj. 288 B.

3 Cf. on 499 D-E, p. 66, note a.

4 Again Plato anticipates much modern controversy.

5 Cf. Xen.Symp. 1. 4ἐκκεκαθαρμένοις τὰς ψυχάς, and Phaedo 67 B-C.

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