And first, we may observe how frequently Argos is mentioned by the poet, both by itself and with the epithet designating it as Achæan Argos, Argos Jasum, Argos Hippium, or Hippoboton, or Pelasgicum. The city, too, is called Argos,
those who occupied Argos
“ Argos and Sparta—1”Il. iv. 52.
and Peloponnesus is called Argos,
“ and Tiryns;2”Il. 559.
for the city could not be called his house; and he calls the whole of Greece, Argos, for he calls all Argives, as he calls them Danai, and Achæans. He distinguishes the identity of name by epithets; he calls Thessaly, Pelasgic Argos;
“ at our house in Argos,3”Il. i. 30.
and the Peloponnesus, the Achæan Argos;
“ all who dwelt in Pelasgic Argos;4”Il. ii. 681.
“ if we should return to Achæan Argos;”Il. ix. 141.
intimating in these lines that the Peloponnesians were called peculiarly Achæans according to another designation. He calls also the Peloponnesus, Argos Jasum;
“ was he not at Achæan Argos?”Od. iii. 251.
meaning Penelope, she then would have a greater number of suitors; for it is not probable that he means those from the whole of Greece, but those from the neighbourhood of Ithaca. He applies also to Argos terms common to other places, ‘pasturing horses,’ and ‘abounding with horses.’
“ if all the Achæans throughout Argos Jasum should see you,5”Od. xviii. 245.