previous next


To speak shortly, the southernmost point of Our Sea is the recess of the Greater Syrtes;1 next to this Alexandria in Egypt, and the mouths of the Nile; while the most northerly is the mouth of the Dnieper, or if the Mæotis be considered to belong to the Euxine, (and it certainly does appear to form a part of it,) the mouth of the Don. The Strait at the Pillars is the most westerly point, and the most easterly is the said recess, in which Dioscurias2 is situated; and not, as Eratosthenes falsely states, the Gulf of Issus,3 which is under the same meridian as Amisus4 and Themiscyra, and, if you will have it so, Sidene as far as Pharnacia.5 Proceeding thence in an easterly direction to Dioscurias, the distance by sea is above 3000 stadia, as will be seen more plainly in my detailed account of those countries. Such then is the Mediterranean.

1 The Sidra of the moderns.

2 Iskouriah.

3 The Gulf of Aïas.

4 Samsoun.

5 The ruins of this city are said to be called by the modern Greeks φεοͅνάκη or πλατένα indiscriminately.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

load focus Greek (1877)
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: