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[2] 18. ὅθεν τις — ‘as the result of which any considerable force was brought together,’ or ‘from which any considerable power was gained.’ This seems to be the meaning, corresponding to ἰσχὶν δὲ κτλ. above. But παραγίγνομαι in Thuc. of troops regularly means be assembled in the field, and with dat. ‘come to the support of’ To be added to is προσγίγνομαι. Hence many edd. render ‘in consequence of which any considerable force was collected.’ ὅθεν is then strange.

ξυνέστη—frequently used in this connexion from Herod. downwards.

22. οὐ γὰρ ξυνειστήκεσανthey were not joined to the strongest states as subjects, nor yet did they of their own accord unite on an equal footing for a campaign.

25. κατ᾽ ἀλλήλουςinter se.

ὡς ἕκαστοι—cf. c. 3.4. Strictly ἐπολέμουν is supplied with ὡς, but the phrase practieally becomes a distributive nnmeral

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