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[4] 16. ἑκούσιοι — ‘having deliberately avoided all alliances’ (not ‘having entered into no alliance, if we could help it’). The strained position of ἑκούσιοι, and other words, throws special emphasis on the different parts of the clause. This statement is referred to by the Corinthian at c. 37. 2 ξιμμαχίαν οὐδενός πω δέξασθαι.

18. Κορινθίων—with πόλεμον ; cf. θεῶν πόλεμος, θεῶν ὅρκος, oath by the gods.

δι᾽ αὐτόon that account, a favourite use of αὐτό and αὐτά with Thuc.

19. περιέστηκεν ... φαινομένηwhat formerly seemed discretion in us ... has now on the eontrary proved clearly to be want of foresight and weakness. The partic. with περιεστάναι as in the eonstruction τυγχάνει οὖσα. But cf. c. 120. 5.

20. τῇ ... γνώμῃ—with ξυγ., to share the risks of another's policy.

22. τὴν ... ναυμαχίαν—internal accus.

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