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Doc. 4. reports of the artillery brigade.

Major Reynolds's Report.

headquarters artillery brigade, Twentieth corps, Savannah, Georgia, December 26, 1864.
Lieutenant-Colonel H. W. Perkins, Assistant Adjutant-General, Twentieth Corps;
Colonel: I have the honor to submit the following report of the operations of the artillery brigade of this corps since the occupation of Atlanta.

With the rest of the corps the batteries entered the city of Atlanta on the (2d) second day of September, and were placed in the vacated works of the enemy on the east and south sides of the town, where they remained until about the twelfth instant, when they were withdrawn and camped together in the north-western part of the city.

Soon afterward, the artillery being in excess of the proportion to infantry, the batteries were reduced from six to four guns each, leaving but (24) twenty-four guns in the brigade instead of (36) thirty-six. This was, however, increased to (28) twenty-eight, by the assignment of battery K, Fifth U. S. artillery, Captain Bainbridge, with (4) four (20) twenty-pounder Parrott guns, to the corps.

During the occupation, several expeditions were sent out in the country for forage, a battery accompanying each; but meeting with but slight opposition, they were at neither time engaged.

Previous to these expeditions being sent, and while our supplies were cut off, the horses of the batteries suffered terribly, many actually dying from starvation, and others being so reduced as to render them utterly unserviceable. Almost an entire new supply of horses had to be obtained.

A short time before leaving Atlanta, a still further reduction of the artillery was made. Battery K, Fifth U. S. artillery, Captain Bainbridge; battery I, First Michigan artillery, Captain Smith and Thirteenth New-York independent battery, Captain Bundy, were relieved from duty with the corps and sent to Chattanooga, leaving but four batteries, (2) two twelve pounders and (2) two three-inch Rodman, of four guns each.

On the fifteenth day of November, the corps left Atlanta, the batteries being distributed through the column, marching in this manner until reaching the enemy's lines near Savanah. Meeting with but slight resistance on the march, the batteries did not fire a gun; but twice only a section was placed in position, the infantry then driving back the enemy until we reached their lines, about four miles from town, on the tenth of the present month.

On the eleventh, the two rifle-batteries were placed in position, battery E, Independent Pennsylvania artillery, Captain Sloan, near the left of our line, on the Savannah River, opposite the upper end of Hutchinson's Island. And battery I, First New-York artillery, Captain Winegar, opposite Argyle Island, about two miles above.

At seven o'clock on the morning of the twelfth instant, two gunboats and a steam transport made their appearance above Captain Winegar's position, coming down the river.

Captain Winegar opened fire on them when about (2500) two thousand five hundred yards distant, to which the gunboats replied, using guns of heavy calibre. Captain Winegar succeeded in disabling the transport-steamer Resolute, compelling her to surrender. He then directed his fire to the others, which soon turned back, and although several shots were seen to strike the lower one, they continued up the river and out of sight.

On the same day, Captain Sloan fired a few shots at a steamer crossing the river below him, and also a few shots into the city.

On the sixteenth, one section of battery I, First New-York artillery, crossed the river to Argyle Island, and exchanged a few shots with a section of the enemy's on the Carolina shore.

During the night of the nineteenth, this section crossed to the Carolina shore with a brigade of infantry, under command of Colonel Carman.

A few rounds were fired at small bodies of the enemy during the twentieth.

About three P. M., a gunboat came up from the city, and opened on the right of this force on the Carolina shore. Captain Sloan was directed to open on her from his position, and soon compelled her to withdraw.

During the nights of the eighteenth, nineteenth, and twentieth, three field-works were constructed for heavy guns--one near the river, and two in front of the centre of General Geary's line. The last two were on the skirmish-line, and being within so short range of the enemy's musketry and artillery, the work could only be done during the night.

Quite a number of casualties occurred among the working parties, the enemy having correct range with their artillery, and using it freely at all times of the night.

Works were also made for the light batteries, it being the intention to place them all on the line, and open simultaneously previous to an assault.

(4) Four of the (6) six thirty-pounder Parrott guns were placed in the works during the night of the twentieth, and the other two were being put in, when it was found that the enemy had evacuated in our front, much to the chagrin of some of the artillery officers, who desired to test the accuracy and efficiency of these guns.

On reaching the city, the twenty-first instant, about ten A. M., the ram Savannah was discovered near the Carolina shore. Captain Sloan's battery, being in advance, took position on the lower end of Bay street, and opened fire on her. Some excellent shots were made, though with guns of that calibre (three-inch) it is not probable much damage was done to an iron-clad, as she was reported to be.

About half-past 4 P. M., Captain De Grass's battery of twenty-pounder Parrott guns took position and opened on her, firing with great accuracy. The thirty-pounder Parrott guns arriving

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Charles E. Winegar (4)
Thomas S. Sloan (4)
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