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[628] with deliberation and vigor until dark. On the following morning, I was directed to hold the ford until the other division of General Jackson's corps had passed to my left in the direction of Farley Ford, on the Hazel River, and then to follow with my division.

I had again, on the morning of the twenty-second, a warm artillery fight with the enemy, resulting, as on the day previous, according to his published reports, in very considerable slaughter to the enemy. Our loss was twenty privates killed and wounded, and no officers.

After the other divisions had made way for me, I moved to Farley Ford. On reaching which point, I was ordered by General Lee to remain until morning, for the purpose of uniting with General Hood in repressing any demonstration of the enemy at Freeman's Ford, on the Rappahannock.

Generals Hood and Trimble were engaged with the enemy, who had crossed the Rappahannock, at the time that I approached the Hazel, but had driven them back across the river before I came up with them. We were only subjected to a few shells of the enemy, which did us no harm.

On the twenty-third, we marched to Scott's farm, near the White Sulphur Springs, and on the twenty-fourth, within one mile of Jeffersonton; each day being subjected to some little shelling.

On the twenty-fifth, we marched this division in rear, from Jeffersonton across the Rappahannock, at the ford next above Waterloo, and bivouacked near Salem. On the twenty-sixth, marched within a mile of Bristoe Station, on the Orange and Alexandria Railroad, passing through Thoroughfare Gap, each of these days without meeting the enemy, who was ignorant of our movements.

skirmish near Manassas Junction.

On the morning of the twenty-ninth, I was ordered to send, before daybreak, a brigade across Muddy Run, by the county road to Manassas Junction. I accordingly sent forward, on this service, the first brigade, Colonel Baylor, and followed with the rest of the division, as soon as General Hill's division permitted me to move.

Colonel Baylor encountered a force of the enemy's cavalry about a mile from the Junction, but soon dispersed them, Poague's battery, of this brigade, doing good practice. Baylor then pushed beyond the Junction, and aided in the rout of the enemy toward Centreville, and afterward returned to Manassas Junction.

By the direction of the Major-General commanding, I assumed command at the Junction, threw out the necessary pickets, made preparations for transporting such of the stores which had been captured by General Trimble on the preceding evening, as the captured wagons and our limited transportation would admit of, distributing to our troops as much of the subsistence stores as they could eat and transport in their haversacks, and made preparations for the firing of the immense accumulation of commissary, quartermaster, and ordnance stores, which were contained in the buildings and cars, of which latter there were over one hundred, all new and in the best order.

At night, Major-General Ewell, who had been fighting during the evening at Bristoe Station, having crossed Muddy Run, by direction of Major-General Jackson, I moved my division, with the entire train, across the Warrenton and Alexandria turnpike, pursuing the Old Military road to Sudley Mills, and at daylight halted on the battle-field of the twenty-first of July, 1861.

The Second brigade, under the command of Colonel Bradley Johnson, was thrown forward to Groveton; the Third brigade, Colonel Taliaferro, to Sudley Mills, and the First and Fourth held about half a mile beyond the intersection of the turnpike with the Aldie road.

battle of Manassas, August 28TH.

On the morning of the twenty-eighth, the enemy made demonstrations upon the road leading from Warrenton, which were checked by the Second brigade, and it was ascertained he was advancing his columns by the railroad on one side, and the Warrenton turnpike on the other; that his intention was to rest the right of his left advance on the turnpike, and the right on the road to Sudley, and to attempt to cross Bull Run at the Stone Bridge and Sudley Ford.

I received orders, about twelve o'clock M., from the Major-General commanding, to move forward through the woods to attack his left, which was advancing from the direction of Gainesville toward Sudley. I accordingly pushed the First, Third, and Fourth brigades in that direction, being followed by Major-General Ewell.

After marching some two and a half miles in the direction of Gainesville, and coming to the open field, to the right of Groveton, I discovered that the enemy had abandoned his intention of attempting to cross at Sudley, and was moving off to the right of the Warrenton turnpike; that the troops he had thrown forward had been recalled, and that the whole force which had crossed the turnpike were falling back and recrossing. At the same time, I received orders to halt my command. The enemy, in great force, could now be discovered leaving the turnpike to their left, and, apparently, making for the railroad about Manassas Junction. Our troops were immediately thrown forward in the direction of the turnpike, and lines of battle formed parallel to the road. In a short time their skirmishers advanced, and were almost immediately supported by an immense force which crossed the turnpike, and advanced upon our lines.

The First brigade was at this time on the right, the Fourth next, the Second some distance on the left, having been withdrawn from Groveton. As soon as the Third brigade could get up, which was after the action commenced, it was moved first to the support of the batteries on the right, and then to the right of the First brigade.

The batteries of Captains Wooding, Poague,

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