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[601] along the south side of Bull Run, (crossing sometimes,) by a by-way; but before reaching there, General Stuart found a force of the enemy, which he skirmished with for some time, his attack on them at Haymarket being intended as a diversion in favor of General Longstreet, who was engaged with the enemy at Thoroughfare Gap. General Stuart reached Haymarket at three P. M., and returned about dark, in time to take part in the battle, which had been going on, joining in just after the infantry and artillery ceased firing. General Stuart spent the night of Thursday, August twenty-eighth, with General Jackson, near Sudley Mills.

Friday, August 29.--As General Stuart rode forward toward Groveton, about ten A. M., he found that the enemy's sharpshooters had penetrated the woods going toward the ambulances and train, threatening to cut them off. He at once directed Captain (now Major) Pelham, of the Stuart horse artillery, who was near by, to shell the woods, and gather up all the stragglers around the train, and drive back the enemy, notifying General Jackson, in the mean time, of what was transpiring. He also ordered the quartermaster to move the train toward Aldie, and sent an order to Major Patrick to keep his battalion of cavalry between the enemy and the baggage train — a duty which he faithfully discharged, receiving a mortal wound just as he gallantly and successfully repulsed a large force of the enemy that was attempting to cross the run. General Stuart also sent to Colonel Baylor, who was near the railroad embankment, in command of the Stonewall brigade, asking him to come forward and drive back the enemy; but he replied, “I was posted here for a purpose, and have positive orders to stay here, which I must obey.” Having ordered Captain Pelham to report to General Jackson, General Stuart went toward Haymarket to establish communication with Generals Lee and Longstreet, accompanied by Brigadier-General Robertson, with a portion of his and a portion of General F. Lee's cavalry. General Stuart met Generals Lee and Longstreet on the road between Haymarket and Gainesville, and informed them of what had happened, and the situation of General Jackson's forces, and those of the enemy. General Lee inquired for some way to the Sudley road. General Stuart showed him that the best route for them was by the turnpike, which they took, and General Stuart moved to General Longstreet's right flank.

The detachment of cavalry under General F. Lee, that had been to Burke's Station, returned, in the afternoon of this day, to the vicinity of General Jackson, at Sudley.

The night of Friday, August 29, General Stuart was two miles east of General Longstreet's command.

Saturday, August 30. General Stuart remained on Longstreet's right, and moved down upon the enemy with crushing effect, driving him across Bull Run, at Lewis's Ford, the artillery enfilading his lines and firing into his rear, only ceasing to fire upon him at dark, for fear of firing into our own men.

Report of Major-General Stuart of operations immediately preceding, and including, the battle of Groveton.

headquarters Stuart's cavalry division, army of Northern Virginia, February 28, 1863.
Brigadier-General R. H. Chilton, A. A. G.:
General: I have the honor to furnish the following summary of events in which my command participated immediately preceding and subsequent to the second battle of Manassas, or, as it should be more properly termed, the battle of Groveton Heights, August thirtieth, 1862. My command had hardly recrossed the Rappahannock, as narrated in my last, when that portion of it left on outpost duty on the river became engaged with the enemy, who had advanced to the opposite bank. It was soon apparent that the enemy meditated the destruction of the Waterloo Bridge, the only bridge over the stream then standing. Appreciating its importance to us, I directed the sharpshooters of the two brigades to be sent to its defence, and the command of this party, numbering about one hundred men, devolved, by selection, upon Colonel T. L. Rosser, Fifth Virginia cavalry, whose judgment in posting his command enabled him to prevent the destruction of the bridge in spite of desperate attempts to reach it, and held possession all day and night against infantry and artillery, until the next day, when he turned over his position and the bridge, intact, to a regiment of infantry sent to relieve him. During the day, I sent Captain J. Hardeman Stuart, my signal officer, to capture the enemy's signal party at View Tree, an eminence overlooking Warrenton, and establish his own flag instead — the sequel shows with what success. Colonel Munford's regiment, Second Virginia cavalry, was detached for temporary service with General Jackson. That night (twenty-fifth) I repaired to the headquarters of the commanding General, and received my final instructions to accompany the movement of Major-General Jackson, already begun. I was to start at two A. M., and, upon arriving at the brigades that night, at one A. M., I had reveille sounded, and preparations made for the march at two. In this way I got no sleep, but continued in the saddle all night. I followed, by direction, the route of General Jackson, through Amissville, across the Rappahannock, at Hinson's Mill, four miles above Waterloo, proceeded through Orlean, and thence on the road to Salem, till, getting near that place, I found my way blocked by the baggage trains and artillery of General Jackson's command. Directing the artillery and ambulances to follow the road, I left it, with the cavalry, and proceeded by farm roads and by-paths, parallel to General Jackson's route, to reach the head of his column, which left Salem and The Plains early in the morning for the direction of Gainesville. The country was exceedingly rough, but I succeeded, by the aid of skilful guides, in passing Bull Run Mountain without passing Thoroughfare Gap, and, without incident worthy of record, passed through Haymarket and overtook General Jackson near Gainesville and reported to him. Ewell's division was in advance, and

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