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καθίζουσιν—sc. τὸν στρατόν, but practically intrans. Ἀθηναίων—doubtless a small force stationed at Naupactus. Demosthenes used the ships referred to in c. 102, 4. Oberhummer thinks that from Limnaea he went by land, following the line of Eurylochus, that he joined the Acarnanian division at Crenae, and accompanied it to Argos. This seems most probable.
τὸν λόφον if genuine, is in apposition to τὰς Ὄλπας, but the description does not seem likely or necessary after c. 105, 1. Ἀμφιλόχων—i.e. those of Amphilochia generally; for the reason why the majority were restrained from taking part in the fighting see c. 114, 3. μετά—Demosthenes was to be Commander-in-chief.
χαράδρα . . μεγάλη—this has been recognized in a brook, the banks of which are overshadowed with plane-trees; cf. the ὸδὸς κοίλη καὶ λοχμώδης. κατὰ τὸ ὑπερέχον—where the enemy's line (the left wing, c. 108, 1) outflanked them.
ὀλίγων—a strange way of referring to the sixty Athenian archers: we should expect simply μετὰ τῶν Ἀθ. Possibly ὀλίγων is an addition to the text. ἐπεῖχον governs τὸ δὲ ἄλλο. The Acarnanians were in separate contingents, each under its own commander. ἀναμίξ—on the right wing the Ambraciots evidently were the principal troops; cf. e. 108, 2.
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