πειρήσομαι: will put them to the test. Agamemnon wished to be assured that the army was still ready for the fray; it had become demoralized by the length of the war, by the pestilence, and by the quarrel and the withdrawal from service of Achilles.ἣ θέμις ἐστίν: i.e. as the general has the right. “θέμις” is properly what has been laid down, right sanctioned by custom and the law of nature. It is often used in Homer like “δίκη, κατὰ μοῖραν”. The rel. is attracted to the gender of the pred., as v. 5.
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