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[815] διέκριθεν: see on v. 805; cf. vs. 475 f.

816-877. The Trojans and their Allies. The force opposed to the Achaeans is composed of sixteen contingents: I. five contingents from Trojan peoples (vs. 816-839), and II. eleven contingents of allies (“ἐπίκουροι”, vs. 840-877). Of the allies, three divisions come from Europe, and eight from Asia. I. Trojans from (a) Ilios, (b) Dardania, (c) Zelea, (d) Adrastea, (e) Percote etc.; II. Allies (from Europe), (a) Thracians, (b) Ciconians, (c) Paeonians; (from Asia), (a) Pelasgians, (b) Paphlagonians, (c) Halizonians, (d) Mysians, (e) Phrygians, (f) Maeonians, (g) Carians, (h) Lydians.

The catalogue of the Trojans is far less exact and detailed than that of the Achaeans; it contains no definite statements of number. The total number of Trojans and allies was 50,000, acc. to 8.562 f.: ‘A thousand fires were kindled on the plain, and by each sat fifty men.’ Of these about 12,000 were Trojans, if vs. 123130 are to be interpreted literally. The Catalogue does not name the “Λέλεγες” and “Καύκωνες” (“Κ 429, Υ 329, Φ” 86). In “Κ 434, λ” 519-522, other troops are mentioned as reinforcements.

816-839. The Trojans.

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