[*] 287. One adjective may belong in sense to two or more nouns of different genders. In such cases,—
- An Attributive Adjective agrees with the nearest noun:—
- A Predicate Adjective may agree with the nearest noun, if the Nouns form one connected idea:—
- But generally, a Predicate Adjective will be masculine, if nouns of different genders mean living beings; neuter, if things without life:—
- If nouns of different genders include both living beings and
things without life, a Predicate Adjective is sometimes masculine
(or feminine), sometimes neuter, and sometimes agrees in gender with
the nearest if that is plural:—
- “rēx rēgiaque classis ūnā profectī” (Liv. 21.50) , the king and the royal fleet set out together.
- nātūrāinimīca sunt lībera cīvitās et rēx (id. 44.24), by nature a free state and a king are hostile.
- lēgātōs sortēsque ōrāculī exspectandās (id. 5.15), that the ambassadors and the replies of the oracle should be waited for.