previous next

190. Deponent Verbs have the forms of the Passive Voice, with an active or reflexive signification:—

PRINCIPAL PARTS First conjugation: mīror , mīrārī , mīrātus, admire.
Second conjugation: vereor , verērī , veritus, fear.
Third conjugation: sequor , sequī , secūtus, follow.
Fourth conjugation: partior , partīrī , partītus, share.

PRES. mīror vereor sequor partior
mīrāris (-re verēris (-re sequeris (-re partīris (-re
mīrātur verētur sequitur partītur
mīrāmur verēmur sequimur partīmur
mīrāminī verēminī sequiminī partīminī
mīrantur verentur sequuntur partiuntur
IMPF. mīrābar verēbar sequēbar partiēbar
FUT. mīrābor verēbor sequar partiar
PERF. mīrātus sum veritus sum secūtus sum partītus sum
PLUP. mīrātus eram veritus eram secūtus eram partītus eram
F. P. mīrātus erō veritus erō secūtus erō partītus erō
PRES. mīrer verear sequar partiar
IMPF. mīrārer verērer sequerer partīrer
PERF. mīrātus sim veritus sim secūtus sim partītus sim
PLUP. mīrātus essem veritus essem secūtus essem partītus essem
PRES. mīrāre verēre sequere partīre
FUT. mīrātor verētor sequitor partītor
PRES. mīrārī verērī sequī partīrī
PERF. mīrātus esse veritus esse secūtus esse partītus esse
FUT. mīrātūrus esse veritūrus esse secūtūrus esse partītūrus esse
PRES. mīrāns verēns sequēns partiēns
FUT. mīrātūrus veritūrus secūtūrus partītūrus
PERF. mīrātus veritus secūtus partītus
GER. mīrandus verendus sequendus partiendus
mīrandī, -ō, etc. verendī, etc. sequendī, etc. partiendī, etc.
mīrātum, - veritum, - secūtum, - partītum, -

a. Deponents have the participles of both voices:—

sequēns, following. secūtūrus, about to follow.
secūtus, having followed. sequendus, to be followed.

b. The perfect participle generally has an active sense, but in verbs otherwise deponent it is often passive: as, mercātus, bought; adeptus, gained (or having gained).

c. The future infinitive is always in the active form: thus, sequor has secūtūrus (-a, -um) esse (not secūtum īrī ).

d. The gerundive, being passive in meaning, is found only in transitive verbs, or intransitive verbs used impersonally:—

  1. hōc cōnfitendum est, this must be acknowledged.
  2. moriendum est omnibus, all must die.

e. Most deponents are intransitive or reflexive in meaning, corresponding to what in Greek is called the Middle Voice (§ 156. a. N.).

f. Some deponents are occasionally used in a passive sense: as, crīminor, I accuse, or I am accused.

g. About twenty verbs have an active meaning in both active and passive forms: as, mereō or mereor, I deserve.

hide References (2 total)
  • Commentary references to this page (2):
    • J. B. Greenough, Benjamin L. D'Ooge, M. Grant Daniell, Commentary on Caesar's Gallic War, AG BG 1.11
    • J. B. Greenough, Benjamin L. D'Ooge, M. Grant Daniell, Commentary on Caesar's Gallic War, AG BG 2.20
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: