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206. Many verbs are found only in the Present System. Such are maereō , -ēre, be sorrowful (cf. maestus, sad); feriō , -īre, strike.

In many the simple verb is incomplete, but the missing parts occur in its compounds: as, vādō , vādere , in-vāsī, in-vāsum.

Some verbs occur very commonly, but only in a few forms:—

a. Âiō, I say:

INDIC. PRES. âiō, ais,1 ait; ----, ----, âiunt
IMPF. âiēbam,2 âiēbās, etc.
SUBJV. PRES. ----, âiās, âiat; ----, ----, âiant
IMPER. (rare)
PART. âiēns

The vowels a and i are pronounced separately (a-is, a-it) except sometimes in old or colloquial Latin. Before a vowel, one i stands for two (see § 6. c):—thus âiō was pronounced ai-yō and was sometimes written aiiō.

b. Inquam, I say, except in poetry, is used only in direct quotations (cf. the English quoth).

INDIC. PRES. inquam, inquis, inquit; inquimus, inquitis (late), inquiunt
IMPF. ----, ----, inquiēbat; ----, ----, ----
FUT. ----, inquiēs, inquiet; ----, ----, ----
PERF. inquiī, inquīstī, ----; ----, ----, ----
IMPER. PRES. inque
FUT. inquitō

The only common forms are inquam , inquis , inquit , inquiunt , and the future īnquiēs , inquiet .

c. The deponent fārī, to speak, has the following forms:—

INDIC. PRES. ----, ----, fātur; ----, ----, fantur
FUT. fābor, ----, fābitur; ----, ----, ----
PERF. ----, ----, fātus est; ----, ----, fātī sunt
PLUP. fātus eram, ----, fātus erat; ----, ----, ----
PART. PRES. fāns, fantis, etc. (in singular)
PERF. fātus (having spoken
GER. fandus (to be spoken of

GERUND, gen. fandī, abl. fandō SUPINE fātū

Several forms compounded with the prepositions ex , prae , prō , inter , occur: as, praefātur , praefāmur , affārī , prōfātus , interfātur , etc. The compound īnfāns is regularly used as a noun (child). īnfandus , nefandus , are used as adjectives, unspeakable, abominable.

d. Queō, I can, nequeō, I cannot, are conjugated like . They are rarely used except in the present. Queō is regularly accompanied by a negative. The forms given below occur, those in full-faced type in classic prose. The Imperative, Gerund, and Supine are wanting.

Note.--A few passive forms are used with passive infinitives: as, quītur, queuntur, quitus sum , queātur , queantur , nequītur, nequitum; but none of these occurs in classic prose.

queō queam nequeō ( nōn queō nequeam
quīs queās nequīs nequeās
quit queat nequit nequeat
quīmus queāmus nequīmus nequeāmus
quītis ---- nequītis ----
queunt queant nequeunt nequeant
quībam ---- ---- nequīrem
quībat quīret nequībat nequīret
---- quīrent nequībant nequīrent
quībō nequībit
quībunt nequībunt
quīvī ---- nequīvī nequīverim
---- ---- nequīstī ----
quīvit quīverit (-ierit) nequīvit (nequiit nequīverit
quīvērunt ( -ēre quierint nequīvērunt (-quiēre) nequīverint
---- ---- nequīverat (-ierat) nequīvisset (-quīsset
---- quīvissent nequīverant (-ierant) nequīssent
quīre quīsse nequīre nequīvisse (-quīsse)
quiēns nequiēns, nequeuntēs

e. Quaesō, I ask, beg (original form of quaerō ), has—

Note.--Other forms of quaesō are found occasionally in early Latin. For the perfect system ( quaesīvī , etc.), see quaerō (§ 211. d).

INDIC. PRES. quaesō, quaesŭmus

f. Ovāre, to triumph, has the following:—

INDIC. PRES. ovās, ovat
IMPF. ovāret
PART. ovāns, ovātūrus, ovātus
GER. ovandī

g. A few verbs are found chiefly in the Imperative:—

  1. PRES. singular salvē, plural salvēte , FUT. salvētō, hail! (from salvus, safe and sound). An infinitive salvēre and the indicative forms salveō , salvētis , salvēbis , are rare.
  2. PRES. singular avē (or havē ), plural avēte , FUT. avētō, hail or farewell. An infinitive avēre also occurs.
  3. PRES. singular cĕdo, plural cĕdite ( cette ), give, tell.
  4. PRES. singular apage, begone (properly a Greek word).

1 The second singular ais with the interrogative -ne is often written ain .

2 An old imperfect aibam , aibās , etc. (dissyllabic) is sometimes found.

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