[*] 504. The Genitive of the Gerund and Gerundive is used after nouns or adjectives, either as subjective or objective genitive:—
- “ vīvendī fīnis est optimus ” (Cat. M. 72) , it is the best end of living. [Subjective.]
- neque cōnsilī habendī neque arma capiendī spatiō datō; (B. G. 4.14), time being given neither for forming plans nor for taking arms. [Objective.]
- “nōn tam commūtandārum quam ēvertendārum rērum cupidōs ” (Off. 2.3) , desirous not so much of changing as of destroying the state. [Objective.]
[*] Note 1.--In these uses the gerund and the gerundive are about equally common.[*] a. The genitive of the gerund sometimes takes a direct object, especially a neuter pronoun or a neuter adjective used substantively:—
- nūlla causa iūsta cuiquam esse potest contrā patriam arma capiendī; (Phil. 2.53), no one can have a just cause for taking up arms against his country.
- artem vēra ac falsa dīiūdicandī; (De Or. 2.157), the art of distinguishing true from false.
[*] Note.--The genitive of the gerund or gerundive is used (especially in later Latin) as a predicate genitive. When so used it often expresses purpose:—
- “quae postquam glōriōsa modo neque bellī patrandī cōgnōvit ” (Iug. 88) , when he perceived that these were only brilliant deeds and not likely to end the war.
- “Aegyptum proficīscitur cōgnōscendae antīquitātis ” (Tac. Ann. 2.59) , he sets out for Egypt to study old times.
- pābulandī aut frūmentandī causā prōgressī; (B. C. 1.48), having advanced for the purpose of collecting fodder or supplies.
- vītandae suspīcionis causā; (Cat. 1.19), in order to avoid suspicion.
- simulandī grātiā; (Iug. 37), in order to deceive.
- exercendae memōriae grātiā; (Cat. M. 38), for the sake of training the memory.