[*] 475. The Perfect is sometimes used of a general truth, especially with negatives (Gnomic Perfect):—
- “quī studet contingere mētam multa tulit fēcitque ” (Hor. A. P. 412) , he who aims to reach the goal, first bears and does many things.
- nōn aeris acervus et aurī dēdūxit corpore febrīs (id. Ep. 1.2.47), the pile of brass and gold removes not fever from the frame.
[*] Note.--The gnomic perfect strictly refers to past time; but its use implies that something which never did happen in any known case never does happen, and never will (cf. the English “Faint heart never won fair lady”); or, without a negative that what has once happened will always happen under similar circumstances.[*] a. The Perfect is often used in expressions containing or implying a negation, where in affirmation the Imperfect would be preferred:—