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581. The Subject Accusative of the Infinitive is regularly expressed in Indirect Discourse, even if it is wanting in the direct:
  1. ōrātor sum, I am an orator; dīcit esse ōrātōrem, he says he is an orator.

Note 1.--But the subject is often omitted if easily understood:—

  1. īgnōscere imprūdentiae dīxit (B. G. 4.27) , he said he pardoned their rashness.
  2. eadem ab aliīs quaerit: reperit esse vēra (id. 1.18), he inquires about these same things from others; he finds that they are true.

Note 2.--After a relative, or quam (than), if the verb would be the same as that of the main clause, it is usually omitted, and its subject is attracted into the accusative:—

    suspicor eīsdem rēbus quibus ipsum commovērī; (Cat. M. 1), I suspect that you are disturbed by the same things as I.
  1. cōnfīdō tamen haec quoque tibi nōn minus grāta quam ipsōs librōs futūra (Plin. Ep. 3.5.20) , I trust that these facts too will be no less pleasing to you than the books themselves.

Note 3.--In poetry, by a Greek idiom, a Predicate Noun or Adjective in the indirect discourse sometimes agrees with the subject of the main verb:—

  1. vir bonus et sapiēns ait esse parātus (Hor. Ep. 1.7.22) , a good and wise man says he is prepared, etc. [In prose: ait esse parātum .]
  2. sēnsit mediōs dēlāpsus in hostīs (Aen. 2.377) , he found himself fallen among the foe. [In prose: esse dēlāpsum .]

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  • Commentary references to this page (1):
    • J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero, Allen and Greenough's Edition., AG Cic. 1.4
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