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  1. Verbs of the First Conjugation are formed directly from ā-stems, regularly with a transitive meaning: as, fuga, flight; fugāre, put to flight.
  2. Many verbs of the First Conjugation are formed from o- stems, changing the o- into ā-. These are more commonly transitive:—
    1. stimulō , -āre, to incite, from stimulus, a good (stem stimulo-).
    2. aequō , -āre, to make even, from aequus, even (stem aequo-).
    3. hībernō , -āre, to pass the winter, from hībernus, of the winter (stem hīberno-).
    4. albō , -āre, to whiten, from albus, white (stem albo-).
    5. piō , -āre, to expiate, from pius, pure (stem pio-).
    6. novō, -āre, to renew, from novus, new (stem novo-).
    7. armō , -āre, to arm, from arma, arms (stem armo-).
    8. damnō , -āre, to injure, from damnum, injury (stem damno-).
    A few verbs, generally intransitive, are formed by analogy from consonant and i- or u-stems, adding ā to the stem:—1
    1. vigilō , -āre, to watch, from vigil, awake.
    2. exsulō , -āre, to be in exile, from exsul, an exile.
    3. auspicor, -ārī, to take the auspices, from auspex (stem auspic-), augur.
    4. pulverō , -āre, to turn (anything) to dust, from pulvis (stem pulver- for pulvis-), dust.
    5. aestuō, -āre, to surge, boil, from aestus (stem aestu-), tide, seething
    6. levō, -āre, to lighten, from levis (stem levi-), light.

1 The type of all or most of the denominative formations in §§ 259-262 was inherited, but the process went on in the development of Latin as a separate language.

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