[*] 425. Extent of Space is expressed by the Accusative:—
- “fossās quīndecim pedēs lātās ” (B. G. 7.72) , trenches fifteen feet broad.
- prōgressus mīlia passuum circiter duodecim (id. 5.9), having advanced about twelve miles.
- in omnī vītā suā quemque ā rēctā cōnscientiā trānsversum unguem nōn oportet discēdere (quoted inAtt. 13.20), in all one's life, one should not depart a nail's breadth from straightforward conscience.
[*] Note.--This Accusative denotes the object through or over which the action takes place and is kindred with the Accusative of the End of Motion (§ 427. 2).[*] a. Measure is often expressed by the Genitive of Quality (§ 345. b):[*] b. Distance when considered as extent of space is put in the Accusative; when considered as degree of difference, in the Ablative (§ 414):—
- “ mīlia passuum tria ab eōrum castrīs castra pōnit ” (B. G. 1.22) , he pitches his camp three miles from their camp.
- “quīnque diērum iter abest ” (Liv. 30.29) , it is distant five days' march.
- “trīgintā mīlibus passuum īnfrā eum locum ” (B. G. 6.35) , thirty miles below that place (below by thirty miles).